The ExpandNet/WHO framework for strategy development used to scale up family planning access in Cross River State, Nigeria
ExpandNet member Femi Quaitey presented experience from Cross River State (CRS) as part of the proceedings of the Nigeria Family Planning Conference. ExpandNet and Pathfinder collaborated with state government leaders and other stakeholders to develop a scale up strategy to help operationalize the Task Sharing/Task Shifting Policy. Implementation of the 2014 policy has been uneven across the country’s 36 states, so the Evidence to Action Project and Pathfinder International conducted operations research (OR) to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of teaching community health extension workers to insert and remove contraceptive implants. Once results of the OR confirmed the efficacy of the intervention, CRS stakeholders learned about and then applied the ExpandNet/WHO framework and nine-step approach to develop a scaling up strategy. The resulting strategy recommended an increased number of master trainers who could build capacity to implement the intervention among other critical actions. Additional recommendations were made based on the OR project findings, including the importance of adopting a decentralized stepdown training approach, of mobilizing state, national and private sector funding streams to support the scale up process, and of the strengthening quality control plans. Mr Quaitey concluded his 12-minute presentation remarking that using ExpandNet/WHO guidance tools with a resource team of local stakeholders is an approach that can and should be replicated for scale up planning in other parts of Nigeria.
ExpandNet is pleased to share the newly revised version of the Implementation Mapping Tool (IMT), which is the latest addition to our toolkit. This guidance is intended to support projects to use a participatory process to capture and document learning and to engage in adaptive management of the scale-up process. The IMT provides a template to focus discussion and to document key insights based on learning questions related to scale up. This enables teams to identify how and why results were (or were not) achieved throughout the project and to make necessary adaptations.
The IMT was initially developed for application in the field of health. However, to date it has been field tested by projects scaling up interventions across multiple sectors, addressing a range of issues including: family planning and reproductive health, adolescent and youth services, education, changing gender norms and developing health program managers’ capacity to use data for decision making. ExpandNet hopes that organizations and projects will use the IMT and share any learning with its application with us through the Contact us page.
Synthesis of scale-up Lessons: Practical advice about supporting scale-up processes in countries from the global Evidence to Action family-planning service delivery project
USAID, the global Evidence to Action (E2A) Project, and ExpandNet hosted a virtual event on Wednesday, September 2, 2020 from 11:00 AM to 12:15 AM (EDT). Global and country-based scale up implementers presented key lessons from a synthesis of nine years of experience working systematically with countries to scale up the impact of effective family planning and reproductive health interventions. The following featured speakers helped to demystify a complex process and share useful tips for projects and organizations:
Regina Benevides, PhD, MSc, Gender and Youth Team Lead of HIV Prevention Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health (mins 19-30). Oluwayemisi Femi-Pius, MD, Senior Technical Manager, Pathfinder International Nigeria (mins 30-39). Alexis Ntabona, MD, MPH, ExpandNet Consultant and Former Lead of the Technical Support Team, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO (mins 40-49). Patricia MacDonald, RN, MPH, Senior Family Planning/Reproductive Health Technical Advisor, Office of Population and Reproductive Health, USAID (mins 50-59). The panel was moderated by Laura Ghiron, MPH, Scale-Up Advisor for E2A, President of Partners in Expanding Health Quality and Access, Member of ExpandNet Secretariat, and Co-Lead of the Community of Practice on Systematic Approaches to Scale-Up.
Responses to questions that could not be answered during the proceedings are available here. To view the recording, please visit this page.
The Walton Family Foundation invited ExpandNet to collaborate with their Oceans team in working globally towards the ambitious goal of ensuring healthy, sustainable ocean fisheries. The goal of the collaboration is to support the Foundation to bring a strong scale-up perspective to their funded fisheries work and includes two components: first, to strengthen the capacity of the Foundation’s Oceans Team working in Asia and Latin America to internalize scale-up concepts and apply international learning from the use of systematic approaches to scale up; and second, to collaborate with grantees of the Indonesia portfolio to apply the ExpandNet/WHO framework, tools and approach (FTA) to improve the prospects for scale up and sustainability of successful interventions.
ExpandNet members have long understood that the scaling up FTA developed jointly by ExpandNet and World Health Organization in the late 2000s were relevant for work in other sectors. In 2015, the MacArthur Foundation provided funding for ExpandNet to support application of the scaling up FTA in the education sector. Successful scale up results from these collaborations, together with experience from the integrated, multi-sectoral population, health and environment work conducted in East Africa, reinforced the fact that the tools are generalizable across sectors. The current work with Walton Foundation grantees has once again reconfirmed the FTA’s value as being of multi-sectoral relevance.
Scaling up during COVID-19: A conversation with Dr. Sada Danmusa, Director of the DOS Center/Mid-Space, Nigeria
ExpandNet has been collaborating with the BMGF-funded Technical Support Unit (TSU) project led by Dr. Sada Danmusa who directs the Nigerian NGOs Development Outcomes and Support (DOS) Center and Mid-Space. The TSU project is strengthening the family planning (FP) capacity of state level government leaders to take ownership and more effectively manage the family planning program. The project has utilized various mechanisms to strengthen these leaders’ capacity to use data to set priorities, manage implementation and adapt innovations and best practices for continuous improvement of FP outcomes. One of those mechanisms, the Transparency, Advocacy and Capacity building (TRAC) platform normally supports periodic meetings to build the skills of state leaders from Nigeria’s geo-political zones to use data for decision making and disparity analysis in family planning performance. These efforts combined with other interventions at the federal and state level, have generated new commitments to improve family planning and reproductive health outcomes.
In the current phase the project has worked in two of the six zones of Nigeria. Over the next three years the plan is to scale up the TRAC platform to cover the remaining four geopolitical zones, and thereby all Nigerian states. However, the COVID-19 epidemic is bringing many new challenges as the team cope’s with sustaining activities and planning the next phase of scale up. The ExpandNet Secretariat team discussed with Dr Sada his plans and how he expects to deal with the crisis. To read Dr. Sada’s response to some key questions about how their work is adjusting effectively, click here.
The AcQual Project “Improving Access and Quality of Family Planning Services” tested an innovative approach involving nursing students to provide community-based distribution of family planning services (Approche Apprenants Distributeurs à base communautaire). This was carried out in alignment with ongoing reforms on utilizing a competence-based training within the nursing school program. ExpandNet member Dr. Alexis Ntabona facilitated the efforts to scale up this approach, under the leadership of the 6th Directorate of the Ministry of Health. Results from a recent monitoring exercise assessing the progress indicate that the initiative is widely accepted and supported by all stakeholders, including the nursing schools’ management teams, teachers, students’ parent associations, and family planning clients. However, the results show that the intervention requires mid-course corrections to consolidate its integration within the nursing school system.
Global Implementation Conference 2019: Implementation for Impact
September 15-17, 2019 in Glasgow, Scotland
Meeting Link: https://gic.globalimplementation.org
ExpandNet members from the US and Uganda will be jointly delivering a Master Class entitled “Scaling up complex improvement in low-income settings” that will highlight the HoPE-LVB project’s experience with scaling up the population, health and environment approach in East Africa. The session will illustrate the use of a systematic approach to the implementation and scale up of complex, community-based approaches in low-income settings and to ensure their sustainable expansion to regional and national levels. ExpandNet Secretariat member Laura Ghiron will also moderate a panel on sustainability and scale up during the main conference program and participate in a plenary panel distilling key learning from the conference proceedings.
ExpandNet/Pathfinder/E2A Webinar: Scale-up learnings from operationalizing the CHEW task-sharing policy in Cross River State, Nigeria
ExpandNet and Pathfinder International co-convened an experience-sharing meeting focused on the application of systematic approaches to scale up in Nigeria in September 2018. Presenters included senior leaders from the Federal Ministry of Health (MOH), the Center for Communications Programs of Johns Hopkins University, Mid-Space (a Nigerian NGO), Pathfinder and the State MOH from Cross River State. The Cross River State panel discussed the experience with implementing ExpandNet/WHO’s nine-step strategy development process in scaling up community health extension workers ability to provide contraceptive implants, under the 2015 national task shifting/task sharing policy.
E2A/ExpandNet Community of Practice on systematic approaches to scaling up: presentation on sustainability by Dr. Eric Sarriot of Save the Children
The quarterly resource team meeting of the Evidence to Action Project-led Community of Practice on Systematic Approaches to Scale up gave special focus to the issue of sustainability in scale up. Dr. Eric Sarriot of Save the Children, who has written extensively on sustainability of health programs, gave a presentation which is available via this link.
Panel on scale up lessons learned presented at the 2018 Global Health Systems Research Symposium in Liverpool
ExpandNet members collaborated with the PERFORM2Scale project led by the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine on a panel discussion highlighting lessons learned about scale up at the fifth Global Health Systems Research Symposium held in Liverpool, England in October 2018. Presentations on the experience in three sister projects implemented in Vietnam, Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda was followed by a lively discussion among the panelists and the audience. A video of the panel is available here.
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